Throw them out and ratings skyrocket on cable TV. At church, you may fill a few more seats whenever you spice your sermon with them. In politics, they rally the base. In communities, they bond people with commonalities and keep at bay the deviant. In all cases, however, somebody pays for them, and lives with them, sometimes forever. In Stereotypes and Labels, Kirby A. Manager, PhD., uses real-life examples to show how tags, labels and stereotypes impact the lives of millions in communities around us. He explores how we all pay for it at the end.
Reconstructing the shape of an object from images is an important problem in computer vision that has led to a variety of solution strategies. This monograph focuses on photometric stereo, that is, techniques that exploit the observed intensity variations caused by illumination changes to recover the orientation of the surface. In the most basic setting, a diffuse surface is illuminated from at least three directions and captured with a static camera. Under some conditions, this allows to recover per-pixel surface normals. Modern approaches generalize photometric stereo in various ways; for example, relaxing constraints on lighting, surface reflectance and camera placement, or creating different types of local surface estimates. Starting with an introduction for readers unfamiliar with the subject, A Survey of Photometric Stereo Techniques discusses the foundations of this field of research. It then summarizes important trends and developments that have emerged in the last three decades. The focus is on approaches with the potential to be applied in a broad range of scenarios. This implies, for example, simple capture setups, relaxed model assumptions, and increased robustness requirements. This is an ideal reference for anyone looking for an understanding of the diverse concepts and ideas around this topic and how we can move towards more general techniques than traditional photometric stereo.
Carbonyl and imino groups are two of the most integral functional groups employed in organic synthesis. Specific topics discussed: reduction, alkylation, alkenylation, and arylation of these groups, as well as asymmetric aldol, Mannich, and Morita-Bayliss-Hillman reactions.
This volume is part of a 3-volume set: Science of Synthesis Stereoselective Synthesis Workbench Edition